Wednesday, January 24, 2018
TIMELINE

LARGER THAN LIFE: BAPU

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, intimately known as Bapu, is a man who was honored for his astonishing efforts to free India from the colonial rule. Let us today, delve into the journey, that is his life, and see how this ordinary man changed the history of India and the world

2nd October, 1869

Born in Porbandar, British India (present day, Gujarat).

1894:

Drafts first petition sent by the Indians to a South African legislature, and organizes the Indian National Congress (S.A.).

1899:

Organizes Indian Ambulance Corps for British in Boer War.

1901-1902:

Attends Indian National Congress meeting in Calcutta, and opens law office in Bombay.

1914:

Leaves South Africa and Organizes Indian Ambulance Corps in England.

1915:

Returns to India, Establishes Satyagraha Ashram at Kochrab, near Ahmedabad, and later admits an untouchable family. The ashram was moved in 1917 to a new site on Sabarmati River.

1917:

Leads successful Satyagraha campaign for rights of peasants on indigo plantations in Champaran. First successful attempt of civil disobedience in India.

1918:

Attends Viceroy’s War Conference in Delhi, and agrees to the recruitment of Indians for World War I.

1919:

Organizes “nationwide hartal” against Rowlatt Act. Fasts in Sabarmati for three days in penitence for violence, and suspends Satyagraha campaign, which he called a “Himalayan miscalculation”, owing to the violence caused.

1920:

Gives up Kaisar-i-Hind medal. Second all-India Satyagraha campaign started

1921:

Presides at bonfire of foreign cloth in Bombay. Mass Civil Disobedience Movement takes place

1924:

Begins 21-day “great fast” at Mohammed Ali’s home near Delhi, as penance for communal riots between Hindus and Muslims, especially in Kohat.

1928-1929:

Moves compromise resolution at Congress session at Calcutta, calling for complete independence within one year, warns of another all-India Satyagraha. Congress session at Lahore declares its demand as ‘complete independence’ and January 26 as National Independence Day.

1930:

Breaks salt law by picking salt up at seashore.

1934:

Fasts at Wardha ashram for seven days against intolerance of opponents of the movement against untouchability. Launches an All-India Village Industries Association.

1942:

Announces Jawaharlal Lal Nehru as his political heir.

1946:

A 12 member interim government is formed. Yet Gandhi’s struggle isn’t over

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1947:

Post independence, fasts in several parts of the nation to protest against the communal strife between Hindus and Muslims.

1948:

Assassinated by Nathuram Godse.

Ishani Khemka

Student Reporter
October-2016